Maa Phaleshu Kadhachana ....?
What is the Central Idea of this couplet ?
1. Do, but not focus on enjoying the results.
2. You are not the Cause of any end result.
3. Never lapse into inaction.
Let us approach this couplet from different angles.
You certainly have the right on your actions but never the cause of their results.
You do your duty. You initiate. You act. Once you set in motion your act, you witness that there follows a process. At the end of this process only, the results will be known. Once the process starts, please be known that the probability of "your anticipated result" depends NOT on you BUT on other forces of Nature as well. ( Aadhi bhowthikam= Environmental forces). You also realize soon that the "end results " depended on NOT ONLY ON HOW U ACTED, NOT ONLY ON THE FORCES WHICH CAME DURING THE PROCESS, but by forces, which could not be forecast with any degree of precision. Sooner,you do realize that what happened what what was destined to happen.( Adhi deivikam ). How then, you feel you are the sole or ultimate cause of the result? It is prudence, therefore, to detach oneself from the end results of one's actions.
CHO EXPLAINS: "KARMANYEVA ADHIKARASTHE MAA PHALESHU KACHACHANA.."
FROM HIS STANDPOINT.
FROM HIS STANDPOINT.
DO YOUR DUTY. DO NOT EXPECT RESULT, SINCE YOU DO NOT HAVE CONTROL OVER THE OUTCOME/OUTPUT, BUT NEVER COMPROMISE ON INPUT....
Velukkudi approaches from a different angle the same subject.
Let us listen to him.
பத உரை இங்கே தரப்படுகிறது.
Word by Word meaning is as below:
karman+eva = karmanyeva = action+certainly = certainly on action
adhikaarah+tey = adhikaarastey = right+you = you have the right
ma = never
phaleshu = on the results
kadaachana = at anytime
ma + bhoor + tey = never + should be + you = you should never be
karma+phala+hetu = deed+results+motivated = motivated by the results of your actions/deeds
ma = nor
sangah + astu + akarmani = attachment + should be + in not doing your duty = you should not be inclined towards not performing your duty thinking of what will be the result
In all, though, there is a bottom line. .
And that is the direction shown by GITA.